Kings Regulations & Admiralty Instructions - 1913
Ceremonies and Distinctions
SECTION I. ROYAL SALUTES AND FLAGS.
39. Royal Salutes.-All Royal salutes are to consist of 21 guns, except in India, for which see 55 and 56.
40. The Sovereign.-Whenever the Sovereign shall arrive at any place in the British dominions where there is a fort or battery from which salutes are usually fired, a Royal salute shall be fired from such fort or battery, and also from all His Majesty's ships and vessels of war present ; and similar salutes shall be fired on the Sovereign's final departure, and on such other occasions as shall be directed.
2. Whenever the Sovereign shall go on board any ship of war the Royal standard shall be hoisted at the main, the flag of the Lord High Admiral at the fore, and the Union Flag at the mizen of such ship, or if on board a vessel with less than three masts they shall be hoisted in the most conspicuous parts of her ; a Royal salute shall also be fired from such ship or vessel on the Sovereign going on board, and again on leaving her ; and every one of His Majesty's ships present shall likewise fire a Royal salute on the hoisting of those flags, and such further Royal salutes shall be fired, on the Sovereign quitting the ship or vessel or passing in a boat, or on such other occasions as may be directed.
3. Whenever the Sovereign shall be embarked in a ship or vessel at sea and the before-mentioned flags shall be hoisted in her, every one of His Majesty's ships meeting, passing, or being passed by her shall fire a Royal salute.
4. Whenever any ship or vessel, in which the before-mentioned flags are flying, shall pass a fort or battery from which salutes are usually fired, a Royal salute is to be fired by such fort or battery.
5. The Royal standard, being the personal flag of the Sovereign, is to be hoisted on board His Majesty's ships, or on official buildings or in enclosures, only on occasions when His Majesty the King is actually present.
41. Standard of the Queen.-When Her Majesty the Queen is embarked in any ship or vessel, her standard shall be hoisted at the main, and it shall be treated with the same respect and saluted in the same manner as the flags denoting the presence of the Sovereign.
2. Standard of Queen Alexandra.- When Her Majesty Queen Alexandra is embarked in any ship or vessel, her standard shall be hoisted at the main and it shall be treated with the same respect and saluted in the same manner as the flags denoting the presence of the Sovereign.
3. Standard of the Prince of Wales.- When His Royal Highness the Prince of Wales is embarked in any ship or vessel, his standard shall be hoisted at the main, and it shall be treated with the same respect and saluted in the same manner as the flags denoting the presence of the Sovereign.
4. Standard of other Members of the Royal Family.- When His Royal Highness the Duke of Connaught or His Royal Highness Prince Arthur of Connaught or other members of the Royal Family are embarked in any ship or vessel, with neither of Their Majesties the King and Queen, Queen Alexandra, not the Prince of Wales on board, the standard appropriated for Their Royal Highnesses' use shall be hoisted at the main of such ship, and it is to be saluted as directed in Article 42.
Her Royal Highness the Duchess of Connaught will use the standard of the Duke of Connaught.
42. Salutes to Royal Family.- Whenever any members of the Royal Family shall arrive at, or quit, any place where there is a fort or battery from which salutes are usually fired, they shall receive a Royal salute on their first arrival and final departure, from such fort or battery, and from all His Majesty's ships present.
2. Visiting Ships.- Whenever any member of the Royal Family shall go on board any of His Majesty's ships, the standard of His or Her Royal Highness shall be hoisted at the main on board such ship, and a Royal salute shall be fired from her, on such member of the Royal Family going on board, and again upon leaving her.
3. Met with at Sea.- Whenever any member of the Royal Family shall be embarked in any ship or vessel, and the standard of His or Her Royal Highness shall be hoisted in her, every one of His Majesty's ships meeting, passing or being passed by her shall fire a Royal salute.
43. Royal Standard on Shore.- Whenever any of His Majesty's ships may arrive at a port, or pass the immediate neighbourhood of a place, where the Royal standard or the standard of any member of the Royal Family is flying on shore, marking the presence of the Sovereign or of a member of the Royal Family at such port or place, they are, on arriving or passing, to fire a Royal salute.
44. Foreign Sovereigns or Chiefs of States.- Whenever any foreign Crowned Heads or Sovereign Princes, or the consorts of any foreign Crowned Heads or Sovereign Princes, or the President of a Republic, shall arrive at or quit any place in His Majesty's dominions where there is a fort or battery from which salutes are usually fired, they shall receive a Royal salute on their first arrival and again on their final departure, from such fort or battery and from any ships present, and a similar salute is to be fired upon their going on board or leaving any of His Majesty's ships. On such occasions during the salute,
the Senior Officer's ship shall display at the main the flag of the nation of such Royal or distinguished personage.
2. Whenever any of His Majesty's ships meet, pass, or are passed by any vessel flying a standard of any foreign Crowned Head or Sovereign Prince, or the consort of any foreign Crowned Head or Sovereign Prince, or the President of a Republic, they are to salute that standard.
45. Foreign Royal Family.- Whenever any Prince, being a member of a foreign Royal Family, shall arrive at any British port, or visit any of His Majesty's ships, the same salutes shall be fired and compliments paid to him as are directed by Article 42 to be paid to the members of the Royal Family of England, the flag of the nation of such foreign Prince being displayed at the main.
2. In Foreign Ports.- Whenever such visits to His Majesty's ships shall take place in a foreign port; corresponding salutes shall be fired, and the flag of the nation of the Royal visitors hoisted, as already explained.
3. At Sea.- Whenever any of His Majesty's ships meet, pass, or are passed by any vessel flying the standard of any member of a foreign Royal Family, they are to salute that standard.
46. Order of Salutes to more than one Standard.- Whenever any of His Majesty's ships meet, pass, or are passed by any ship or ships which are flying more than one standard, or arrive at any port or place where more than one is flying, or when two or more standards are broken simultaneously, they are to fire Royal salutes in the following order, saluting the standards of :-
- His Majesty the King, Her Majesty the Queen, Her Majesty Queen Alexandra, His Royal Highness the Prince of Wales.
- The Sovereigns, consorts, or heirs-apparent of foreign nations, or the Presidents of Republics.
- Other members of the British Royal Family.
- Other members of foreign Royal Families.
2. Under these circumstances only one salute is to be fired for the standards of any one nation, no matter how many may be flying.
47. Standards of Royal Personages at Foreign Ports.- Whenever any of His Majesty's ships arrive at a foreign port in which salutes are returned (see Article 78), and where the standard of any Royal or Imperial personage, British or foreign, or that of the President of a Republic, is being flown, the customary salute to the flag of the nation to which the port belongs is in all cases to be fired first, the standard or standards present being subsequently saluted in the order directed in Article 46.
2. Salute to National Flag.- In case the standard of any member of the Royal or Imperial Family or of the President of the Republic of the nation to which the port belongs is flying in the port, the salute to the national flag is to be considered as personal to that standard as representing the nation.
48. Another authority in presence of Standard.- In the presence of any Royal or Imperial standard. British or foreign, or that of the President of a Republic, no other authority of that nation is to be saluted by His Majesty's ships, except as provided in clause 2.
2. The Lord-Lieutenant of Ireland and the Viceroy and Governor-General of India, when within the territorial limits of their Vice-Royalties, as defined in Articles 51 and 64, are to be considered as junior to the Sovereign of Great Britain and Ireland only, and are to be saluted accordingly by His Majesty's ships before any other members of the British Royal Family, foreign Sovereigns, Presidents of Republics, or any members of foreign Royal or Imperial Families.
The standards of such Royal, Imperial, or distinguished personages are subsequently to be saluted in the order laid down in Article 46.
49. Dates for Salutes.- The fixed dates for firing salutes in celebration of British anniversaries are as follows, viz. :--
- The anniversaries of the birth, accession, and coronation of the reigning Sovereign ;
- The birthday of the consort of the reigning Sovereign ;
- The birthday of the Queen Mother ;
on which days a Royal salute shall be fired at noon from all His Majesty's ships in port and from all the forts and batteries from which triumph salutes are usually fired.
When any anniversary falls on a Sunday, the salute shall be fired at noon on the following day.
2. Sovereign's Birthday.- The day on which the anniversary of the Sovereign's birth is intended to be kept will be notified in the " Gazette." In His Majesty's colonies and possessions abroad it is officially celebrated on the actual date of the anniversary. Where the day of the official celebration differs from the actual date of the anniversary, salutes are to be fired on both days.
50. Birthday of Member of Royal Family.- Whenever any of His Majesty's ships are in immediate proximity to the Court on the anniversary of the birth of any member of the Royal Family, a Royal salute is to be fired by such ships.
51. The Lord-Lieutenant of Ireland is entitled to receive a Royal salute from the forts and batteries within his Vice-Royalty, and from His Majesty's ships, if met within three leagues of any part of the coast of Ireland in a ship flying the Lord-Lieutenant's flag, or on His Excellency visiting any of His Majesty's ships within the said limits.
52. Birthday of Foreign Sovereigns or Other National Festivities.- On the occasion of the celebration of the birthday of the King or Queen of a foreign nation, or of other important national festivals and ceremonies, by any ships of war or batteries of such nation, His Majesty's ships present may, on previous official information being received by the Senior Officer; fire such salutes in compliment thereto, not exceeding 21 guns, as are fired by the ships or batteries of the foreign nation : the flag of such nation being displayed on these occasions at the main of the Senior Officer's ship.
53. These Salutes not returned.- None of the foregoing salutes will be returned, and they are only to be fired from ships authorised to salute under Article 85.
54. The term " Royal Family " as used in these instructions, is to mean all personages, being subjects of His Majesty, who bear the title of " Royal Highness."
SECTION II. SALUTES AND FLAGS IN INDIA.
55. Table of Salute, in India.- The following, is the special table of salutes established for the Indian Empire:-
||Scale - guns
|The King and Emperor when present in person
|Members of the Royal Family
|Royal Standard and Royal Salutes
|The Viceroy and Governor-General of India
|Governors of Presidencies
|The President of the Council in India
|Governors of His Majesty's Colonies
|The Governor of the French Settlements in India
|The Governor of Portuguese India
|Lieutenant-Governors of Provinces in India
|Members of Council
|The Naval Commander-in-Chief, East Indies Station -
according to Naval rank with two guns added. See 61.
|General Officers of the Army in India:-
|Commander-in-Chief (if a Field-Marshal)
|Commander-in-Chief (if a General)
|Lieutenant-Generals and Major-Generals Commanding Divisions
|Major-Generals and Brigadier-Generals Commanding Brigades
|Plenipotentiaries and Envoys
|Lieutenant-Governors of His Majesty's Colonies
|Agents to the Viceroy and Governor-General
|Chief Commissioners of Provinces and Commissioners
|Political Agents and Charges d'Affaires
|The Governor of Damaun
|The Governor of Dew (Diu)
2. The King and Emperor.- The Regulations laid down in the first Section of this Chapter shall, within Indian waters, be applicable to His Majesty the King and Emperor and to the other Royal personages and Presidents of Republics, as therein mentioned, but subject, in the case of foreign Royal and other personages, to the provisions of Article 66.
56. Viceroy.- The Viceroy and Governor-General of India shall be entitled to receive a Royal salute of 31 guns from the forts and batteries within the Indian Territories, and from His Majesty's ships on being met afloat within the Indian waters and on visiting any of His Majesty's ships within such waters.
57. Ambassadors and others.- Whenever an Ambassador, a Governor of a Presidency, or the President of the Council of India, shall arrive at, or depart from, any place within the Indian Territories where there are forts and batteries from which salutes are usually fired, and, whenever an Ambassador, a Governor of a Presidency, or the President of the Council of India, shall visit, embark on board, or disembark from, any one of His Majesty's ships, within the Indian waters, he shall be saluted by the fort or ship, as the case may be, with the number of guns specified in the scale.
58. Governors, &c.- Governors of His Majesty's colonies, Lieutenant-Governors of Provinces in India, Lieutenant-Governors of His Majesty's Colonies, Agents to the Viceroy and Governor-General, Residents, Chief Commissioners of Provinces, and Commissioners, shall be entitled to be saluted with the number of guns specified for their rank in the scale, within their respective jurisdictions, and when on duty elsewhere in the territories under
the authority of the Government of India, and when they shall visit, embark on board, or disembark from, any one of His Majesty's ships within the jurisdiction of their respective Governments.
59. Members of Council.- Members of Council in India shall be entitled to be saluted with the number of guns specified in the scale, within their respective Presidencies, and when they shall visit, embark on board, or disembark from, any one of His Majesty's ships within the same limits.
60. Envoys and Agents.- Plenipotentiaries and Envoys, and Political Agents and Charges d'Affaires shall be entitled to be saluted with the number of guns specified in the scale, within the precincts of the territories to which they are accredited, and when they shall visit, embark on board, or disembark from any one of His Majesty's ships within the said limits.
61. Naval Commander-in-Chief, East Indies Station.- The Commander-in-Chief, East Indies Station, shall be entitled in Indian territories and Indian waters, as defined in Article 64, to a salute consisting of the number of guns laid down in Article 69 for an officer of his rank with two guns added; provided that if he meet with the flag or broad pendant of a senior naval officer he shall salute as directed by Article 74.
2. Officers of Navy.- Other officers of the Navy shall be saluted in India according to their respective ranks, with the number of guns specified in the table of salutes and under the regulations laid down in Section III.
3. Officers of Army serving in India.- Officers of the Army, in India, including officers of H.M. Indian Military Forces, shall be entitled to be saluted when within the limits of their command, with the number of guns specified in Article 55, subject, in the case of salutes by His Majesty's ships, to the conditions laid down with regard to military officers in Article 69.
A military officer shall not be saluted as such in India unless he is in actual military command and is the senior military officer on the spot.
62. Fixed Anniversaries.- The fixed days for firing salutes, in celebration of anniversaries, in Indian territories and waters are :
The anniversaries of the birth, accession, and coronation of the reigning Sovereign ;
- The birthday of the consort of the reigning Sovereign ;
- The birthday of the Queen Mother; and
- The First of January of each year.
When any anniversary falls on a Sunday, the salute shall be fired at noon on the following day.
63. Discretionary authority of Viceroy.- The Viceroy and Governor-General of India has power, in cases in which he may deem it expedient, to authorise salutes, and to issue local regulations for the guidance of the authorities in Indian territories with respect to civil or military officers holding positions or commands not included in the scale of " Salutes in India."
64. Indian Waters.- For the purposes of this Section :
- Indian waters shall be understood to extend from the North-west entrance of the Straits of Malacca to Cape Comorin, excepting Ceylon, and from Cape Comorin to Aden, including the Maldive and Laccadive Islands and the Persian Gulf.
- Indian Territories.- Indian territories shall include all the waters of India within three miles of the coasts thereof.
65. Return Salutes and Flags.- The rules in regard to return salutes, and as to the flags to be hoisted during salutes, as laid down in Sections VI. and VII. of this Chapter, are to be observed in India so far as they may be applicable.
66. Foreign Ships.- His Majesty's officers are not to expect from foreign ships of war in India any departure from the established custom under which no salutes are to exceed 21 guns.
67. Native Princes.- The salutes to which the native Princes and Chiefs in India are entitled will be communicated to the Commander-in-Chief of the Station.
68. Distinguishing Flags in India.- The following rules are established, by the Government of India in respect to the hoisting of the Viceroy's flag in Indian waters:
- When the Viceroy and Governor-General is on board, the Viceroy's flag is to be hoisted at the main.
- When a Governor or Lieutenant-Governor is on board, within the limits of his Government, or on duty elsewhere in territories under the authority of the Government of India, the Viceroy's flag is to be hoisted at the fore.
- When a Chief Commissioner or Political Officer is on board, within the limits of his jurisdiction, or on duty elsewhere in the territories under the authority of the Government of India, the Viceroy's flag is to be hoisted at the fore.
2. With reference to the foregoing Rule (a), whenever the Viceroy and Governor-General shall be embarked on board one of His Majesty's ships, his distinguishing flag is to be hoisted at the main, and kept flying while the Viceroy is on board in Indian waters.
3. With reference to Rules (b) and (c), the Viceroy's flag is to be hoisted at the fore whenever any of the functionaries referred to are saluted on visiting the ship.
4. Whenever a requisition is received for the embarkation or conveyance of a Governor, Chief Commissioner, or Political Officer, the senior officer present may direct the Viceroy's flag to be hoisted at the fore of the ship in which he is embarked, provided that the senior officer, after consultation with and on requisition from that official, considers it for the benefit of the service about to be performed that such flag should, within the prescribed limits, be hoisted. Should the senior officer consider it in the circumstances undesirable to hoist the flag, he is to inform the official of his reasons, and at once report the same to the Commander-in-Chief for the information of the Admiralty
5. In the event of such functionary being detached on a foreign mission in his official capacity outside his particular jurisdiction, a special intimation will be given by the Government of India in each case as to the flag being carried by the man-of-war in which he may be embarked ; in the absence of which the senior officer present is to exercise his discretion in consultation with the official proceeding on the mission.
SECTION III. SALUTES TO CIVIL, NAVAL, AND MILITARY AUTHORITIES.
69. His Majesty's civil, naval, and military functionaries shall be saluted when in their official capacities as laid down in the following table:
TABLE OF SALUTES
||Civil, Naval, and military Functionaries entitled to Salutes when in their Official Capacities.
||No of guns
||By Her Majesty's Ships
||By the Fort or Battery from which Salutes are usually fired.
|Within what Limits
||How often by the same Flag, Broad Pendant, or Ship.
||Within what Limits.
||The Lord * Warden of the Cinque Ports.
||Those of his jurisdiction
||As has heretofore been the practice.
|The Governor-General of the Dominion of Canada the Governor-General of the Commonwealth of Australia, and the Governor-General of the Union of South Africa.
||On landing on first appointment or on return from leave of absence, at his destination from the United Kingdom by the ship in which he arrives
||As the occasion arises.
||On first landing, or on return from leave of absence.
||As the occasion arises.
||The Lieutenant- Governors of the Channel Islands and the Isle of Man are in respect to salutes (as well as to visits under Art. 99) to be considered as Governors.
||Governor or High Commissioner * of any of His Majesty's colonies, protectorates, territories, dependencies, castles or fortresses.
||Those of his Government.
||When visiting a ship, either on board, going or on leaving, by such ship.
||Once a year, and by only one ship on the same day.
||Those of his Government
||On finally quitting his Government, or proceeding on leave of absence.
||As the occasion arises.
||The Commissioners of Somaliland and Wei-hai-wei are in respect to salutes (as well as to visits under Art 99) be considered as Lieutenant-Governors.
||Lieutenant-Governor or Commissioner if administering the Government of a colony, protectorate, territory or dependency, and if holding a commission direct from the King, or acting temporarily for an officer so commissioned. Administrators or Commissioners of colonial protectorates, territories, or dependencies, acting in subordination to a Governor or High Commissioner.
||On finally quitting his Government, or on proceeding on leave of absence, by the ship in which he embarks.
||As the occasion arises.
||When visiting other forts or dependencies of his Government
||Once a year only.
||Lieutenant - Governors not administering Government, if holding a Commission direct from the King.
||At the seat of Government only.
||On disembarking for the first time from the ship in which he may have arrived, and on embarking for his final departure. by the ship in which he arrives or departs.
||As the occasion arises.
||At the seat of Government only.
||On first arrival, and on final departure.
||As the occasion arises.
||Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary.
||At all places
||Whenever he embarks, and if he goes to sea in a ship, on :finally landing, by such ship.
||Anywhere in His Majesty's Dominions.
||On arrival at, or departure from, the place.
||Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary, and others accredited to Sovereigns (with the exception of such as are, accredited in the specific character of Minister Resident).
||Within the Precincts of the nation to which he is accredited.
||By the ship from which he may land, and also that in which he may finally embark. When visiting a ship upon going on board or on quitting her.
||As the occasion arises. Only once within 12 months, and by one ship only on the same day.
||Minister Resident, Diplomatic authorities below the rank of Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary, and above that of Chargé d'Affaires.
||Within precincts of the nation to which he is accredited.
||By the ship from which he may land, and also that in which he may finally embark.
||As the occasion arises.
||Chargé d'Affaires or a Subordinate diplomatic agent left in charge of a mission : Agents and Consuls-General.
||When visiting a ship upon going on board or on quitting her.
||Only once within 12 months, and by one ship only on the same, day.
|| Within the Foreign port to which he belongs
||When visiting a ship, upon going on board or on quitting her.
||Only once within 12 months, and by one ship only o n the same day.
||The Lord High Admiral or the lords Commissioners for executing the office of Lord High Admiral.*
||At all places
||When visiting a ship, upon going on board and on leaving her, such further salute as may be directed.
||Only by one ship on the same day in the same port.
||Within His Majesty's Dominions.
||Upon arrival and on departure such further Salutes as may be directed.
||*Shall also be saluted when present with the Admiralty flag flying as superior naval authorities under Art. 74.
||The Army Council when travelling in a corporate capacity.
||At all places
||When visiting a ship, upon going on board and on leaving her, such further salute as may be directed.
||Only by one ship on the same day in the same port.
||Within His Majesty's I Dominions.
||Upon arrival and on departure (unless orders are received to the contrary).
||The First Lord Commissioner of the Admiralty
||Upon going on board a ship, and if he proceed on a voyage in her in performance of public service upon his finally quitting her.
||As the occasion arises.
||Within His Majesty's Dominions.
||Admiral of the Fleet †
||Only as authorised by Art. 74.
||Landing for the first time, being in actual employment
||Once only in 12 months abroad, and once in three years at home, unless the officer should have received advancement.
||† See Art. 224, C1. 2.
||Vice Admiral I
||Commodore (no Senior Captain being present).
||Official visits to or embarkation in a ship either on going on board or on leaving her.
||Only by one ship at the port on the same on a 12 months abroad and once in three years at home, except the officer should have received advancement.
||Captain of the Navy and Officer below that rank.
||As a return salute only a s directed by Art. 74.
* The High Commissioner of the Western Pacific will be entitled to the same number of guns when visiting, embarking in, or disembarking from a ship outside the precincts of his Government, but within the limits embraced by his Commission.
† The British Resident Commissioner in the New Hebrides will be entitled to a salute of 11 guns only, but will rank as an Administrator or Commissioner in respect to visits under Article 99.
70. Salutes to Foreign Functionaries.- Salutes, in conformity with the table of salutes, shall be fired in compliment to foreign officials, from either ships or forts, in the same manner and in circumstances similar to those in which salutes to a British official would be fired.
71. Salutes on embarking and disembarking.- When the ship, from which a diplomatic or colonial functionary or a General Officer entitled to be saluted on embarking or disembarking under the foregoing Article 69, Classes II. to VIII., and XIX. to XXIII., shall be either a ship of war not authorised to salute under Article 85, a packet, or a merchant ship, the Senior Naval Officer may direct the prescribed salute to be fired from any ship present.
72. Acting in higher posts.- His Majesty's naval or military officers, temporarily acting in any higher command, are entitled, during their temporary tenure, to all the honours and salutes that may appertain to such command.
2. Officers, temporarily acting in any civil office, are entitled, during their temporary tenure, to all the honours or salutes that may appertain to such office.
73. In presence of Superior Authority.- No inferior naval authority is to be saluted in the presence of a superior naval authority.
2. Similarly no inferior military authority is to be saluted in the presence of a superior military authority.
3. Personal as well as other salutes are included in both cases.
74. Salutes to Flag.- The flag or broad pendant of the superior naval authority present is to be saluted as follows :
- By the next senior officer present:
- on being first hoisted ;
- on being shifted, or rehoisted, on promotion.
- By a single ship or ships on meeting or on arrival subject to clause 3 but on such occasions the Senior Officer only of two or more ships belonging to the same fleet or squadron is to salute such superior.
- By a junior Flag Officer or Commodore on arrival, on first hoisting his flag or broad pendant, or on shifting it on promotion.
2. Return Salutes.- These salutes are to be returned according to the scale ; but if more than one salute has been fired, the return salute in answer to the whole shall consist of the same number of guns as that to which the officer receiving the salute is entitled.
3. No Flag Officer, Commodore, Captain, or other officer in command, shall salute the same Flag Officer or Commodore more than once during his command, except in case of promotion.
75. Limitation as to rank.- None of His Majesty's officers under the rank of Commodore or Brigadier-General are to be saluted in any part of the world ; nor are salutes to be exchanged between His Majesty's ships, castles, or forts.
SECTION IV. INTERNATIONAL SALUTES AND SALUTES TO FOREIGNERS.
76. International Salutes.-The following regulations, in which the maritime powers generally have concurred, are to be observed in reference to the interchange of salutes between His Majesty's ships and foreign ships of
war which bear the flag of a Flag Officer, or the broad pendant of a Commodore or Captain commanding a squadron or division :
|The flag of an Admiral of the Fleet or Flag Officer who ranks with a Field Marshal. is to be saluted with
|The flag of an Admiral is to be saluted with
|The flag of a Vice-Admiral
|The flag of a Rear-Admiral
|The broad pendant of a Commodore or a Capitaine de Vaisseau Chef de Division in the French Navy
2. For the purpose of this Article, as the rank of full Admiral does not exist in the French Navy, Vice Admirals of that nation whose flags may be hoisted at the main are to be regarded as full Admirals, and are to be saluted with 17 guns.
77. Foreigners of distinction.- If a foreigner of high distinction, or a foreign Flag Officer or General Officer should visit any one of His Majesty's ships, he may be saluted on his going on board, or on leaving the ship, with the number of guns which he, from his rank, would receive on visiting a ship of war of his own nation, or with such number not exceeding 19 guns as may be deemed proper ; should the number of guns to which he is entitled from ships of his own nation be less than is given to the officers of his rank under Article 70, he is to be saluted with the greater number.
78. National Salutes.- The Captain of a ship, or the Senior Officer of more than one ship on anchoring at a foreign port where there is a fort or battery or where a ship of the nation may be lying, shall salute the national flag with 21 guns, on being satisfied that the salute will be returned.
79. Foreign Flag Officers and Commodores.- If one or more British ships of war should meet a foreign ship of war bearing the flag of a Flag Officer, or the broad pendant of a Commodore commanding a station or squadron, and superior in rank to the Senior Officer in command of His Majesty's ship or ships, such Senior Officer shall salute the foreign Flag Officer, with the number of guns accorded to his rank in Article 76. If the meeting takes place in port, the salute is not to be fired until the proper national salutes shall have been interchanged, and then only if the local regulations admit thereof.
80. Ships unable to salute.- If from any special cause one of His Majesty's ships from which a salute may reasonably be expected, is unable to salute, the circumstances are to be explained on the spot.
81. Recognised Governments.- Salutes to foreign Royal personages and other foreign authorities and flags are only authorised in the case of a Government formally recognised by His Majesty.
82. Lowering flags.- His Majesty's ships shall not on any account lower their flags to any foreign ships whatsoever, unless the foreign ships shall first, or at the, same time, lower their flags to them.
SECTION V. SALUTES IN GENERAL.
83. Permission of Senior Officer.- With the exception of salutes to the Senior Officer himself, no salutes are to be fired from His Majesty's ships without previous communication, by signal or otherwise, with the Senior Officer present.
84. For one Office only.- Should any one of His Majesty's officers fill more than one office entitling him to a salute; he is to be saluted in that which entitles him to the greatest number of guns.
85. Ships authorised to Salute.- Salutes are to be fired by
- All ships except destroyers, commanded by a Captain or Commander and carrying four or more light Q.F. guns of the same nature suitably placed or provided with a saluting armament of light Q.F. guns.
- The number of guns to be employed is never to be less than as specified in (a).
- Top guns are not to be used for saluting.
2. Where light Q.F. guns of more than one nature are carried, the heavier are to be used for saluting, provided four or more of them form part of the armament.
3. Unless in exceptional circumstances no gun larger than a 12-pr. is to be used for the purpose of firing salutes.
4. In cases where, from any special circumstances, omitting to fire a salute to a foreign power or officer cannot be explained without giving offence, the salute is to be fired, by any ship which can possibly do so with safety, whether entitled to salute by the foregoing regulations or not.
86. Salutes in the Thames.- Salutes are not to be fired from ships in the Thames above Gravesend, unless specially ordered.
87. Time of firing.- As a general rule no salutes should be fired between sunset and sunrise.
88. Sundays.- When it may be necessary to salute on Sundays care is to be taken not to do so during the hours of Divine Service ashore or in the ships. Should any salute to a foreign flag or ship be delayed on this account, the cause is to be explained.
89. Salutes not authorised.- No other salutes than those authorised are to be fired, except on the occasion of a great victory to His Majesty's arms, or other important national event, when the Governor of His Majesty's possessions abroad, in conjunction with the Senior Naval Officer present, may direct such salutes to be fired as the occasion may require ; but unless the Senior Officers of the Navy and Army concur in the propriety of the proposed salutes, they are not to be fired by one Service only when both could have done honour to the occasion.
90. Customary Salutes in Colonies.- The Governors of His Majesty's possessions are to continue to sanction such salutes as have been customary, and which they deem proper and right, at religious ceremonies, and also when opening or closing the Houses of Parliament or of Assembly, but no such salutes are to exceed 19 guns.
SECTION VI. SALUTES WHICH ARE TO BE RETURNED OR NOT RETURNED.
91. Return Salutes.- The following regulations are to be observed in regard to return salutes to or from His Majesty's ships and forts or batteries :
- Royal.- Royal salutes are not to be returned.
- From Foreign Ships of War.- All salutes from foreign ships of war, either to His Majesty's ships or forts, are to be returned, gun for gun. Should there be no fort or battery from which such salutes can be returned, the Senior Naval Officer present will return them gun for gun.
- His Majesty's subjects.- No salutes to His Majesty's subjects are to be returned except salutes to superior naval authorities under Article 74.
92. To Foreign Royal Personages and Authorities.- In the case of salutes from His Majesty's ships, forts, and batteries to foreign Royal personages and other functionaries, the following arrangement entered into with the maritime powers, is to be observed :-
- Salutes not returned.- Salutes from ships of war which will not be returned :-
- To Royal personages, Chiefs of States or members of Royal Families, whether on arrival at, or departure from, a port, or upon visiting ships of war.
- To diplomatic, naval, military, or consular authorities, or to Governors or Officers Administering a Government, whether on arrival at, or departure from, a port, or when visiting ships of war.
- To foreigners of high distinction on visiting ships of war.
- Upon occasions of national festivals or anniversaries.
- Salutes returned.- Salutes from ships of war which will be returned gun for gun :-
- To the national flag on anchoring at a foreign port.
- To the flags of foreign Admirals and Commodores when met with at sea or in harbour. See 76 (International Salutes).
- Reciprocity with Foreign Ships.- When foreign ships of war salute the British flag or British Royal or other personages, or any of His Majesty's functionaries in similar circumstances, the same rules are to be reciprocally observed by His Majesty's ships present, as to returning or not returning the salutes.
- Lord Lieutenant and Viceroy.- Salutes to the Lord Lieutenant of Ireland and to the Viceroy of India are not returned.
- Admiralty return Foreign Salutes.- When the flag of the Lord High Admiral or the Lords Commissioners of the Admiralty is saluted by a foreign ship of war on her arrival or on meeting, such salute will be returned gun for gun.
93. Admiralty Flag.- The Admiralty Flag does not return salutes from any of His Majesty's ships, whether bearing Admiral's flags or the ordinary pendant. Whenever it may be deemed necessary by the Admiralty when embarked, orders will be given by signal or otherwise for the flag or some other ship in company to return the salute of a foreign man-of-war.
94. From Merchant Ships.- When foreign or British merchant ships or any ships not in the Royal Navy, salute His Majesty's ship, the return salute is to be five guns to a single ship and seven to more than one sailing in company.
SECTION VII. FLAGS TO BE HOISTED WHEN SALUTING OR RETURNING SALUTES.
95. During Salutes.- When salutes are interchanged with foreign ships of war or forts, or when personal salutes are fired in honour of foreigners, the following rules as to the flags that shall be displayed are to be observed by His Majesty's ships:-
|(a) Royal Personages.- In the case of a foreign Royal personage or Chief of a State
||The flag of the nation of such Royal personage, &c., is to be hoisted at the main.
|(b) Festivals.- When salutes are fired, whether in British or in foreign ports, on the occasion of a foreign national festival.
||The flag of the foreign nation in honour of which the day is being celebrated is to be hoisted at the main during the salute and for such further time as the ships of the nation may be dressed, or if none are present, until sunset.
|(c) National Flag.- On anchoring at a foreign port.
||The flag of the foreign nation which is being saluted is to be hoisted at the main during the salute.
|(d) Foreign Flag Officers.- When meeting a foreign Flag Officer or when returning the salute of any foreign Flag Officer or ship of war.
||The flag of the foreign nation is to be hoisted at the fore during the salute or return salute.
|(e) Visits of Foreign Authorities.- On the occasion of visits from foreign diplomatists, Governors, or naval, military, or consular authorities, or of distinguished persons entitled to salutes.
||The flag of the foreign nation to which the person saluted belongs is to be hoisted at the fore during the personal salute.
2. Distinguishing Flags.- The distinguishing flags particularised in Article 114 are to be respectively hoisted at the fore whenever any of His Majesty's military, diplomatic, colonial, or consular functionaries are receiving salutes to which they may be entitled ; should, however, the proper distinguishing flag not be on board the ship saluting, the blue ensign is to be hoisted when saluting consular officers and the red ensign when paying the same honours to any of the other functionaries.
3. Alternative Flag.- Should the ship have neither a red nor blue ensign, a white ensign may be hoisted at the fore when saluting any of the British functionaries referred to.
SECTION VIII. VISITS OF CEREMONY.
96. To Foreign Naval Officers.- The following rules, in which the maritime powers generally have concurred, are to be observed by all naval officers in reference to the interchange of visits with officers of friendly foreign men-of-war in all ports, whether British or foreign :
- Preliminary visit.- On the arrival of any ship or ships of war of another nationality, the Flag or other officer in command of one or more ships of war in port, whatever may be his rank, will send an officer to such arriving ship, or in case of a fleet or squadron, to the ship of the officer in chief command of it, to offer the customary courtesies.
The captain of the ship to which this visit is paid will send an officer to return it.
- Official visit.- Within 24 hours of his arrival the Flag or other officer in chief command of the arriving ship or ships will visit the officer in chief command of the fleet or squadron or single ship of war of another nationality present at the port, if he be his equal in grade, and the visit will be returned within 24 hours of being paid. In the case of officers of different grades the inferior will pay the first visit, the same limits of time being observed as to the visit and its return.
The grades are :-
- Lieutenant or other officer in command.
- Return visit.-Officers of superior grades will return visits as follows :
All Flag Officers, including Commodores, will return the visits of Captains and those of grades superior to Captains ; they will send their Flag Captains or Commanders to return the visits of Commanders, Lieutenants, and other officers in command.
Captains and officers of a lower grade will return the visits of Commanders and officers of inferior rank in command.
- Visits of other than Senior Officers.- After the interchange of visits between the Senior Officers shall have taken place, the Captains or other officers in command of the several ships of war arriving will visit the Captains or other officers in command of the ships of war in port, who will return their visits.
- Reciprocity from Foreign Officers.- His Majesty's officers may expect that strict reciprocity will be observed in similar circumstances by foreign naval officers in respect to these visits of ceremony.
97. British Diplomatic Functionaries.- Every Flag or other officer in command will, on arrival, pay the first visit to His Majesty's diplomatic functionaries in charge of embassies or legations, of or above the rank of Charge d'Affaires, but they will receive the first visit from diplomatic functionaries below that rank.
2. In case of doubt as to the status of a diplomatic functionary in charge of an embassy or legation, an officer should be sent on shore to ascertain it previous to the interchange of visits.
98. Consular authorities.- On the arrival of a fleet, squadron, or ship at a foreign port, the first visit will be made by the naval or consular officer who is subordinate in relative rank to the other, according to the following scale :
||Agents and Consuls-General or Commissioners and Consul-General.
||To rank with, but after Rear-Admirals, except in the cases of the Agents and Consuls-General in Egypt and Zanzibar, who, occupying positions similar to those of Governors, take precedence of all Flag Officers.
||To rank with, but after Commodores.
||To rank with, but after Captains of the Royal Navy of three years' standing, and before all other such Captains.
||To rank with, but after Lieutenants of eight years' standing.
||To rank with, but after all other Lieutenants.
99. Governors of Colonies.-
- The following procedure in regard to the interchange of visits between naval officers and Governors, Lieutenant-Governors, and Administrators of His Majesty's colonies, possessions, &c., abroad, is to be observed.
- Occasions.- Official visits are to be exchanged on the following occasions :
- On the arrival of one or more of His Majesty's ships at a port at which the Governor, Lieutenant-Governor, Administrator, or Commissioner of the colony, territory, or dependency is present, between such officer and the Senior Officer in command of the squadron or ship.
- On the first arrival at such a port of any Flag Officer or Commodore since taking up his appointment, between him and the Governor, Lieutenant-Governor, Administrator, &c.
- On a Governor, Lieutenant-Governor, Administrator, or Commissioner newly appointed assuming office, between him and all Flag Officers and Commodores present.
- These visits need not be exchanged more than once during the respective tenure of office of the King's representative and the naval officers mentioned above.
- Visits : how to be paid.-
- A Governor is always to receive the first visit from the Senior Officer in command of the squadron or ship.
- A Lieutenant-Governor is to pay the first visit to a Flag Officer or Commodore First Class who is a Commander-in-Chief, but is to receive the first visit in all other cases. See Clause 7 (b) ((Definition of the term " Lieutenant-Governor ").
- An Administrator or Commissioner is to pay the first visit to all Flag Officers and Commodores, but is to receive the first visit in all other cases.
- 4. Return visits.- To be paid within 24 hours.
- A Governor will return visits in person to all Flag Officers and Commodores.
- A Lieutenant-Governor will do so in person to all Flag Officers and Commodores not being Commanders-in-Chief.
- An Administrator or Commissioner will do so in person to all Captains.
- A Flag Officer or Commodore will do so in person to all Lieutenant-Governors, Administrators, or Commissioners.
- In all other cases the return visit will be paid by an Aide-de-Camp or other officer deputed.
- Inability to visit.- Should the Governor or any other officer administering the Government find that from indisposition or pressure of important business he is unable to return or pay a visit in person, he will depute his Aide-de-Camp or some other officer to do so. In like manner, should a Flag Officer or Commodore from indisposition or pressing occupation be precluded from paying or returning a visit, he will depute his Flag Lieutenant or other officer not below that rank to do so. In each case the officer failing to pay the required visit in person will report the circumstance and assign the reasons which led to the omission, to the department under which he is acting.
- Acting Officers.- Officers acting temporarily in higher civil offices or commands are, in respect to these visits, to be upon the same footing as if they were confirmed in such offices or commands. See 115 and 116 (Distinguishing Flag and Embarkation).
- " Governor," " Lieutenant-Governor," &c., Definition.- For the purposes of this Article :
- The term " Governor " includes the Governors-General of the Dominion of Canada, the Commonwealth of Australia, and the Union of South Africa, the High Commissioners for the Western Pacific, Northern Nigeria., Cyprus, and the Federated Malay States, and the Lieutenant-Governors of the Channel Islands, the Isle of Man, Bengal, Eastern Bengal and Assam, and Burma.
- The term "Lieutenant-Governor" means a Lieutenant-Governor administering the Government as such. It does not include an Officer merely holding the title of Lieutenant-Governor, except when he is actually administering the Government in the absence of the Governor, in which case Clause 6 would apply. As regards visits, the status of the Commissioners of Somaliland and Wei-hai-Wei is that of a Lieutenant-Governor.
- The terms Administrator and Commissioner signify the Administrator or Commissioner of a colony, territory, or dependency, acting in subordination to a Governor or High Commissioner.
100. Boats for Visits.- The senior naval officer present will arrange, when necessary, to provide a suitable boat to enable the diplomatic, colonial, or consular officer to pay any official visits afloat, and to re-land him, on the officer notifying his wishes to that effect.
SECTION IX. DISTINGUISHING FLAGS AND PENDANTS OF NAVAL AUTHORITIES.
101. Lord High Admiral or Admiralty.- The Lord High Admiral's flag is to be worn in ships in which the Lord High Admiral or the Commissioners for executing the office of Lord High Admiral are embarked.
102. Admiral of the Fleet.- The Union flag is to be worn at the main by an Admiral of the Fleet as his proper flag.
103. The following flags are to be worn by Flag Officers except Captains of the Fleet, as their proper flags :
Admiral.- A white flag with the red St. Gorge's Cross thereon.
Vice-Admiral.- A white flag with the red St. George's Cross thereon, with one red ball in the upper canton of the flag next the staff.
Rear-Admiral.- A white flag with the red St. George's Cross thereon, with one red ball in the upper canton and one in the lower canton, next the staff.
The diameter of the red ball is to be half the vertical depth of the white of the cantons next the staff, and the ball is to be in the centre of the canton.
104. Painted on Boats.- When Vice and Rear Admirals have their flags painted on their boats, the same distinctive balls, at least 2 inches in diameter, are to be shown on the flag.
105. Two Officers with same Flag.- When two Flag Officers of the same rank shall be serving together, either of them may be ordered by superior authority to wear temporarily some other distinguishing flag ; but this is not to interfere with their proper rank and command.
106. Commodore, First Class.- A commodore of the First Class shall wear a white broad pendant with the red St. George's Cross thereon.
107. Captain of Fleet's Boat.- A Captain of the Fleet, if a Flag Officer, may wear in, and have painted on, his boat the flag proper to his rank ; if not a Flag Officer, he may wear in, and have painted on, his boat a white broad pendant, when not in the presence of a senior Captain.
108. Commodore, Second Class.- A commodore of the Second Class shall wear a white broad pendant with the red St. George's Cross with a red ball if the upper canton of the broad pendant next the staff.
The diameter of the red ball is to be half the vertical depth of the white in the cantons next the staff, and the ball is to be in the centre of the canton.
109. Two Commodores with same Pendant.- When two Commodores of the same class are present, either may be ordered by superior authority to wear some other distinguishing mark or pendant, under the conditions laid down in Article 105.
110. Flags and Pendants ashore.- Under the provisions of Order in Council of 16th February 1903, the Admiralty may authorise an officer entitled to wear a flag, broad pendant, or pendant afloat, to fly the same flag, broad pendant, or pendant ashore, at any naval establishment or other place on shore where naval jurisdiction may, for the time being, prevail.
111. Flags and Pendants displaced.- An Admiral's flag, a Commodore's broad pendant, or the ship's pendant is to be hauled down from the masthead of a ship when the Admiralty flag is hoisted in that ship.
2. Royal Standard, &c.- The Royal standard, the flag of the Viceroy of India, and the flag of the Lord Lieutenant of Ireland are, when indicating the presence on board of the personages entitled to hoist those flags, the Sovereign excepted, to be always hoisted at the main, the flag of an Admiral or the broad pendant of a Commodore, if necessary, being shifted to another mast or ship as the case may require : except in the case provided for in clause 1 of Article 68 in regard to the flag of the Viceroy of India.
3. The flags of other functionaries ordered to be hoisted in ships of war by Articles 114, 115, 116, and 68, clause 1, are not to displace at the masthead the flag of an Admiral of any grade, nor the broad pendant of a Commodore of either class. When, therefore, a flag or broad pendant is flying, the distinguishing flag of the civil or military functionary is, if possible, to be hoisted at another masthead; but if not possible, then it is to be hoisted side by side with the other, subject to the discretion conferred on the Senior Naval Officer in Article 116.
112. Senior Naval Officer.- When two or more of His Majesty's ships are present in a port or roadstead, a small broad white pendant, not exceeding five breadths, the length being twice the breadth at the head, with the St. George's Cross, is to be hoisted at the starboard topsail yard arm by the Senior Officer's ship as a distinguishing flag in addition to the masthead pendant.
SECTION X. DISTINGUISHING FLAGS OF OTHER AUTHORITIES.
113. Lord Lieutenant of Ireland.- The flag of the Lord Lieutenant of Ireland is to be hoisted on board any of His Majesty's ships in which His Excellency shall embark, within the Irish waters or in St. George's Channel.
114. Other Functionaries.- The flags authorised by His Majesty to be displayed afloat are:
- By General Officers Commanding Stations.- The Union flag, bearing in the centre, as a distinguishing mark, the Royal initials on a blue ground encircled by a garland, and surmounted by the Crown.
- By His Majesty's diplomatic servants and Commissioners and Consuls-General.- The Union flag, with the Royal Arms in the centre thereof on a white ground encircled by a garland.
- By the Governors or High Commissioners of His Majesty's colonies and possessions abroad, and by Lieutenant-Governors or other officers administering the Government.-The Union flag, with the arms or
badge of the colony emblazoned in the centre thereof on a white ground encircled by a garland.
- By Consuls- General, Consuls, and Consular Agents.- The blue ensign, with the Royal Arms in the centre of the fly thereof, that is, in the centre of that part between the Union and the end of the flag.
2. No other distinguishing flag or flags are authorised to be worn afloat by any of these functionaries.
115. When to be flown.- Whenever any of the functionaries particularised in Articles 99 and 114 are embarked
- In a boat for the purpose of paying visits of ceremony or on other official occasions.- The proper distinguishing flag within the respective limits prescribed by the following clause (b) (ii) may be hoisted at the bow, but when the boat belongs to one of His Majesty's ships she is to keep her white ensign flying.
- In one of His Majesty's ships for passage :
- If a General Officer Commanding a Station.- The proper distinguishing flag, with the approval of the Senior Naval Officer, may be hoisted at the fore and kept flying within the General Officer's command, provided he is proceeding on public military service;
- If a Diplomatic Functionary and in charge of a Mission.- The proper distinguishing flag, with the approval of the Senior Naval Officer, may be hoisted at the fore, and be kept flying within the limits of the Mission, provided the diplomatic functionary be proceeding on the public service;
- If a Governor or High Commissioner, or a Lieutenant-Governor, or other Officer Administering the Government.- The proper distinguishing flag, with the approval of the Senior Naval Officer, may be hoisted at the fore, and kept flying within the limits of his Government, or, in the case of a High Commissioner, within the limits of his Commission, provided the colonial functionary or High Commissioner be proceeding on the public service;
- The distinguishing flag of consular authorities is to be hoisted in boats only and not in ships, except when they are being saluted.
- In one of His Majesty's ships on the occasion of an official visit.- The distinguishing flags are to be respectively hoisted at the fore whenever any of His Majesty's military, diplomatic, colonial, or consular functionaries are receiving salutes to which they are entitled.
- In British ships and boats, other than those of His Majesty, these functionaries, except consular officers as to ships, are, with the sanction of the owners or masters, authorised to fly their proper distinguishing flags on the same occasions and within the same limits, and these regulations shall be deemed a sufficient warrant to the master under the Merchant Shipping Act for so doing, but the permission to hoist such masthead flags indicative of the presence on board of any of these functionaries in no way affects or alters the character or status of the merchant ship in time of peace or in time of war, whether His Majesty is belligerent or neutral.
116. Approval of Senior Officer.- With regard to the previous approval of the Senior Officer, whenever a requisition is received for the embarkation or conveyance of any of the functionaries particularised in Articles 99 and 114, the Senior Officer present, in the absence of special orders from superior authority, will issue the necessary directions, provided that, after consultation with, and on requisition from, the official to be embarked, he considers it for the
benefit of the service about to be performed that such flag should be hoisted within the authorised limits. Should the officer who has to determine the question consider it, in the circumstances, undesirable that the distinguishing flag should be hoisted, he is to inform the functionary of his reasons, and at once report the same for the information of the Admiralty.
2. When Ambassador, &c., is embarked.- In the event of an Ambassador being embarked, or a Governor, High Commissioner, &c., of a colony being detached on a foreign mission in his official capacity as Governor or High Commissioner, special instructions will be issued in each case as to the flag which should be carried by a man-of-war in which he may be embarked ; in the absence of instructions from superior authority, the Senior Officer present is to exercise his discretion in consultation with the official about to embark.
117. General Officer in combined operations.- In combined operations of the Navy and Army, should the General Officer commanding the military forces be embarked in a ship of war or transport, the distinguishing flag authorised by Article 114 may be hoisted at the fore of such ship or transport to denote the presence of the Head-quarters.
SECTION XI. ENSIGN, JACK, AND PENDANT - NAVY AND NOT NAVY.
118. Ships in Commission.- All His Majesty's ships of war in commission shall wear a white ensign, with the red St. George's Cross, and the Union in the upper canton ; and when it shall be thought proper to do so, they may display the Union Jack at the jackstaff. See 119 (Masthead Pendant).
119. Masthead Pendant.- All His Majesty's ships in commission, when not bearing a flag or broad pendant, are to wear at the main masthead a pendant, having a St. George's Cross on a white field in the part next to the mast, with a. white fly.
If necessary, in order to avoid fouling wireless telegraphy gear, a shorter pendant may be worn, provided it can be easily seen at a short distance from the ship.
120. Ensign, hoisting and hauling down.- His Majesty's ships, when at anchor in home ports and roads, shall hoist their ensigns at 8 o'clock in the morning from 25th March to 20th September inclusive, and at 0 o'clock from 21st September to 24th March inclusive; but when abroad, at 8 or 9 o'clock as the Commander-in-Chief shall direct ; and they shall be kept flying, if the weather permit, or the Senior Officer present see no objection thereto, throughout the day until sunset, when they are to be hauled down, the sentries firing their rifles. See 143 (.Ships in the presence of His Majesty afloat).
2. Whenever a ship shall come to anchor, or get under way, if there be sufficient light for the ensign to be seen, it is to be hoisted, though earlier or later than aforesaid ; also on her passing, meeting, joining, or parting from; any other of His Majesty's ships ; and also, unless there should be sufficient reason to the contrary, on her falling in with any other ship or ships at sea, or when in sight of, and near, the land, and especially when passing or approaching forts, castles, batteries, lighthouses, or towns.
121. Flags, &c., which are forbidden.- No Flag Officer, Commodore, Captain, or officer in command, shall carry in any ship or boat any other flag or pendant than that which belongs to his rank, except as herein provided for, or unless he is directed to do so by the Admiralty, or by his superior officer.
122. Colonial Ensigns.- The following are the regulations as to the flags to be worn, by any vessel maintained by any colony under the Colonial Defence Act of 1865 :-
- Any vessel provided and used as a vessel of war shall wear the blue ensign with the badge of the colony in the fly thereof, and a blue pendant.
- All vessels belonging to, or permanently in, the service of the colonies, but not commissioned as vessels of war under the Act, shall wear a similar blue ensign but no pendant.
123. Ensigns of Public Offices.- Ships and vessels employed in the service of any public office shall carry a blue ensign, and a small blue flag with a Union described in a canton at the upper corner thereof next to the staff, as a jack, but in the centre of the fly of such ensign and jack, that is, in the centre of that part between the Union and the end of the flag, shall be inserted the badge of the office to which they belong.
124. Hired Transports.- Hired transports are to wear the blue ensign, with the yellow Admiralty anchor in the fly ; and when such vessels are in charge of commissioned officers of the Royal Navy, they are, in addition, to carry blue pendants with the Admiralty badge in the upper part next to the mast.
125. Hired Surveying Vessels.-Hired vessels employed in the surveying service, when commanded by officers in His Majesty's Navy, are to wear the blue ensign and pendant.
126. Merchant Ships commanded by R.N.R. Officers.-British merchant ships commanded by officers on the retired list of the Royal. Navy, or officers of the Royal Naval Reserve which fulfil the following conditions, will be allowed to wear a blue ensign :-
- The officer commanding the ship must be an officer on the retired list of the Royal Navy, or an officer of the Royal Naval Reserve.
- Ten of the crew must be officers and men belonging to the Royal Naval Reserve, but men belonging to the Royal Fleet Reserve, naval pensioners and men holding Royal Naval Reserve deferred pension certificates may be included in the number specified.
- Before hoisting the blue ensign the officer commanding the ship must be provided with an Admiralty Warrant.
- The fact that the Commanding Officer holds a warrant authorising him to hoist the blue ensign must be noted on the ship's articles of agreement.
2. Failure to Fulfil Conditions.- Commanding officers failing to fulfil the above conditions, unless such failure is due to death or other circumstances over which they have no control, will no longer be entitled to wear the blue ensign.
3. Subsidised Merchant Ships.- British merchant ships in receipt of Admiralty subvention will be allowed to fly the blue ensign, under Admiralty warrant.
4. In order to ascertain that the above conditions are strictly carried out, the Captain of one of His Majesty's ships meeting a ship, flying the blue ensign may send on board an officer not below the rank of Lieutenant, at any convenient opportunity. This restriction as to the rank of the boarding officer is in no way to limit or otherwise affect the authority or the duties of naval officers either under the Merchant Shipping Acts or in time of war.
5. Applications for permission to wear the blue ensign on board British merchant ships in receipt of Admiralty subvention, should be made direct to the Admiralty by the owners ; for other merchant ships the applications should be made through the Registrar-General of Seamen.
The Board of Trade will issue regulations as to the mode of proceeding.
SECTION XII. NATIONAL COLOURS.
127. Other Ships and Colonial Merchant Vessels.- In accordance with the provisions of the Merchant Shipping Act, 1894, all other ships and vessels which belong to His Majesty's subjects shall wear a red ensign free from any badge or distinctive mark, with the Union in the upper canton next the staff, except such yachts or other vessels as may have warrants from the Admiralty to display other ensigns, colours, or pendants.
2. Colonial merchant vessels shall wear the red ensign as above, except those of Canada, the Commonwealth of Australia and New Zealand, which may, by Admiralty warrant, wear the red ensign with the badge of the colony in the fly thereof.
3. Any Colonial merchant vessel may, however, carry a distinguishing flag with the badge of the colony thereon, in addition to the red ensign, provided that such flag does not infringe the provisions of Section 73 of the Merchant Shipping Act, 1894.
128. Pilot Flag.- All ships and vessels shall use the British Union flag, with a border of white of one-fifth of the flag, as a pilot flag, in all parts of the world.
129. Improper Colours, Penalties.- With respect to the carrying of improper colours by British merchant vessels, the 73rd Section of the Merchant Shipping Act, 1894, provides as follows :
- The red ensign usually worn by merchant ships, without any defacement or modification whatsoever, is hereby declared to be the proper national colours for all ships and boats belonging to any British subject, except in the case of Her Majesty's ships or boats, or in the case of any other ship or boat for the time being allowed to wear any other national colours in pursuance of a warrant from Her Majesty or from the Admiralty.
- If any distinctive national colours, except such red ensign or except the Union Jack with a white border, or if any colours usually worn by Her Majesty's ships or resembling those of Her Majesty, or if the pendant usually carried by Her Majesty's ships or any pendant resembling that pendant, are or is hoisted on board any ship or boat belonging to any British subject without warrant from Her Majesty or from the Admiralty, the master of the ship or boat, or the owner thereof, if on board the same, and every other person hoisting the colours or pendant, shall for each offence incur a fine not exceeding five hundred pounds.
- Any commissioned officer on full pay in the military or naval service of Her Majesty or any officer of customs in Her Majesty's dominions, or any British consular officer, may board any ship or boat on which any colours or pendant are hoisted contrary to this Act, and seize and take away the colours or pendant, and the colours or pendant shall be forfeited to Her Majesty.
- A fine under this section may be recovered with costs in the High Court in England or Ireland, or in the Court of Session in Scotland,
or in any Colonial Court of Admiralty or Vice-Admiralty Court within Her Majesty's dominions.
- Any offence mentioned in this section may also be prosecuted, and the fine for it recovered summarily, provided that-
- where any such offence is prosecuted summarily, the Court imposing the fine shall not impose a higher fine than one hundred pounds; and
- nothing in this section shall authorise the imposition of more than one fine in respect of the same offence."
2. Procedure.- In any case of a ship or vessel belonging to any of His Majesty's subjects, including colonial merchant vessels, hoisting improper colours, the Captain is first to send a communication in writing to the master of such ship, calling his attention to the above section of the Merchant Shipping Act, and is further to allow a reasonable time to elapse from the delivery, of such communication, before proceeding to exercise the powers conferred upon him under those Acts.
3. Precautions.- In a home port the Captain will also, should he think it necessary, apply to superior authority for instructions; in a foreign port he will, by communicating with the consul, or otherwise, endeavour to avoid giving offence to the local authorities.
130. National Colours, hoisting of.- Provision is made in respect of the hoisting of proper national colours by merchant ships under the 74th Section of the same Act, as follows :-
- A ship belonging to a British subject shall hoist the proper national colours-
- on a signal being made to her by one of Her Majesty's ships (including any vessel under the command of an officer of Her Majesty's Navy on full pay), and
- on entering or leaving any foreign port, and
- if of fifty tons gross tonnage or upwards, on entering or leaving any British port.
- If default is made on board any such ship in complying with this section, the master of the ship shall for each offence be liable to a fine not exceeding one hundred pounds."
This section does not apply to a fishing boat duly entered in the Fishing Boat Register and lettered and numbered as required by the Fourth Part of that Act.
2. Refusal to hoist.- Should a ship or vessel belonging to any of His Majesty's subjects, including colonial merchant vessels, refuse to show her national colours to one of His Majesty's ships, the names of the ship, of the master, and of the owners are to be ascertained, and one or more affidavits of the facts are to be taken on the first occasion that offers, before a consul or other competent authority, and transmitted to the Admiralty with a full report of the occurrence.
SECTION XIII. MILITARY HONOURS AND MARKS OF RESPECT.
131. Admiral of the Fleet, Admiral, or Commander-in-Chief.- An Admiral of the Fleet, an Admiral, and a Commander-in-Chief, being a Flag Officer or a Commodore of the First Class, shall be received on board any of His Majesty's ships by a guard of marines, or land forces serving as such, commanded by a Captain or Major under Article 1138 ; the officers saluting, the bugles sounding the flourish, with arms presented, and the band playing a march.
2. "God Save the King," when played.-" God save the King " is only to be played at the reception of Their Majesties, members of the Royal Family, the Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, and the Governor-General and Viceroy of India, within their respective jurisdictions.
132. Vice-Admiral.- A Vice-Admiral, not being a Commander-in-Chief, shall be received by a guard of marines, or land forces serving as such, commanded by a Captain or Major under Article 1138 ; the officers saluting, the bugle sounding the flourish, with arms presented, and the band playing a march.
133. Rear-Admiral.- A Rear-Admiral, not being a Commander-in-Chief, shall be received by a guard of marines, or land forces serving as such, commanded by a subaltern ; the officer saluting, the bugle sounding the flourish, with arms presented, and the band playing a march.
134. Commodore and Captain of the Fleet.- A Commodore, not being a Commander-in-Chief, or a Captain of the Fleet, when not a Flag Officer, provided there be no Captain senior to him in a ship present, shall be received by a guard of marines, or land forces serving as such, commanded by a subaltern ; the officer saluting, the bugle sounding the proper flourish, with arms presented, and the band playing a march.
135. Captain and Commander.- A Captain may be received by a Sergeant's guard of marines, or of land forces serving as such; Captains and Commanders also, when attending at courts-martial, are to be received by a Sergeant's guard.
136. Officers on Half and Retired Pay.- The above marks of respect are equally to be paid to officers on half or retired pay, according to their respective ranks, when they go on board any of His Majesty's ships in their proper uniforms.
137. Flag Officer, &C., passing in Boat.- When a Flag Officer, a Captain of the Fleet, or a Commodore, with his flag or broad pendant hoisted in his boat or tender, is passing a ship, the guard shall turn out, and the bugles shall sound, as directed in the preceding Articles ; provided in the case of the Captain of the Fleet, who is not a Flag Officer, that there be no Captain senior to him present.
138. Officers of Marines and Land Forces.- Officers of the Royal Marines, and of His Majesty's land forces, being in their proper uniform, shall be received on board any of His Majesty's ships with the same honours and respect as are above directed to be paid to officers of corresponding rank in the Navy.
139. Viceroys.- Viceroys within their jurisdiction or while proceeding on the public service, shall be received on board His Majesty's ships with the military honours and respect due to the Sovereign ; and Governors of His Majesty's colonies, with those prescribed for Flag Officers who are Commanders-in-Chief ; but, except where it may be otherwise directed, the officers of His Majesty's diplomatic, colonial, and other non-military Services are not entitled to the military honours prescribed in the foregoing Articles.
140. Honours from Troops.- His Majesty has also directed that in all his forts and garrisons the officers of His Majesty's Navy, being in their proper uniform, shall have the same honours and respect from the troops as the officers of corresponding rank in the Army.
2. Officers of branches other than the Military Branch, are not to be saluted with cannon, nor received by garrison, regimental, or ship guards. In all other respects, however, they are entitled to the same military honours as officers of corresponding rank in the Military Branch. See 224 (Honorary Admiral of the Fleet, &c.).
141. Morning and Evening guns.- When a Flag Officer or a Commodore shall have his flag or broad pendant flying in any port or roadstead in His Majesty's dominions at home or abroad, he may fire from his ship a morning and an evening gun, as hereinafter explained. If more than one Flag Officer or Commodore is present, the senior only may fire a gun, and the others in succession shall each fire a volley of musketry; and from all other ships, when in any such ports or road-steads, whether in the presence or not of a Flag Officer or Commodore, the sentries shall fire their rifles. Immediately after the morning gun is fired, the reveille, or daylight call, shall be sounded, and for a quarter of an hour previous to the firing of the evening gun, the tattoo also, in every ship present ; and the same may be done in foreign ports if the local regulations shall admit.
142. Time of firing.- On home service, the morning gun shall be fired at daybreak ; and the evening gun, at 9 o'clock, from 25th March to 20th September inclusive, and at 8 o'clock from 21st September to 24th March inclusive ; but on foreign Service, as the Commander-in-Chief on the station shall direct.
143. When the King or Prince of Wales present.- Whenever His Majesty, the King is on board His Royal yacht or any of His Majesty's ships; with his standard flying, or when His Royal Highness the Prince of Wales is representing His Majesty at any special ceremonial, and is on board one of the Royal yachts, or any of His Majesty's ships, with his standard flying, the above regulations for firing the morning and evening gun are to be adhered to on board all His Majesty's ships present, but the time is to be taken from the gun which will be fired from the Royal yacht or ship bearing His Majesty's standard, or that of His Royal Highness the Prince of Wales.
2. Ensigns.- This regulation as to taking the time, is, in the same circumstances, to apply also to the hoisting and hauling down of ensigns in the morning and evening, under Article 120.
SECTION XIV. NAVAL SALUTES AND MARKS OF RESPECT.
144. Naval personal salute.- The naval salute is to be made by bringing up the right hand to the cap or hat, naturally and smartly, but not hurriedly, with the thumb and fingers straight and close together, elbow in line with the shoulder, hand and forearm in line, the thumb being in line with the outer edge of the right eyebrow, with the palm of the hand turned to the left, the opposite being the case when using the left hand.
2. When passing an officer, the salute is to be made with the hand furthest from him, and commenced just before meeting, and continued until well past the officer, the person saluting looking towards him at the same time.
3. Every officer should return a salute made to him, a salute made to two or more officers being returned by all the officers.
4. The term " officer " includes all commissioned, warrant, and subordinate officers.
145. Salutes between Officers.- The junior officer of whatever rank should on all occasions salute his senior when passing, addressing, or being addressed by him, making the salute, which the senior should return.
146. Salutes on board.- When coming over the gangway, or on to the quarter deck, the salute is to be made.
2. Petty officers and men are to salute all officers:-
- When addressing, or being addressed by an officer, and again on withdrawing.
- When passing, or being passed by an officer.
3. Officers passing a ship in a boat are to be saluted by those men on board who may be in sight of the boat.
147. Salutes on shore.- All officers in uniform, both naval and military, and also those in plain clothes who are known to be officers, are to be saluted.
It is to be understood that there is no excuse for not seeing an officer, or for not recognising an officer in plain clothes, who, either from his position, or by belonging to the same ship as the man, ought to be known by him.
2. Should a petty officer or man be standing about, and an officer pass him, he is to face the officer and salute; if sitting when an officer approaches, he is to rise, stand at attention and salute. If two or more petty officers or men are sitting or standing about, the senior petty officer or man will call the whole to attention and alone will salute.
3. When men are marching, or are fallen in, in charge of an officer or petty officer, the officer or petty officer is to salute, giving the usual command. See Salutes, Rifle and Field Exercises for His Majesty's Fleet.
4. Salutes by Marines.- Non-commissioned officers and men of the Royal Marines. are to salute all commissioned, warrant, and subordinate officers of the Royal Navy on the occasions prescribed for seamen, but the mode of salute is to be that laid down in military regulations, and as taught at Head-quarters.
5. Officers and men passing a funeral will salute the body.
148. Inspections, &c., without arms. When inspected by a Flag Officer, or Captain, or by the officer in command of the ship, of whatever rank, all petty officers and men are to take off their hats or caps on the order being given by the officer in charge
2. When being mustered by a Flag Officer, or Captain, or by the officer in command of the ship, of whatever rank, all petty officers and men are to take off their hats or caps as they pass round.
3. When a petty officer or man is brought before an officer as a defaulter, or for the purposes of any investigation, he is to take off his hat or cap.
4. When inspected by an officer at Divisions, Quarters, Watch fall in, and on all other occasions of falling in for inspections without arms, the men are to be called to attention, the petty officers saluting as the officer passes them.
149. Between Officers in Boats.- The following rules for marks of respect between officers of different ranks in boats are to be observed:
|Rank of Officer in Boat
||in a Steamboat
||Single banked pulling boat
||Double banked pulling boat
|Captain or Commander
||Lay on oars Officer salutes
||Let fly sheet. Officer salutes.
||Ease engines. Officer salutes.
||Crew to attention. Officer salutes.
||Crew to attention. Officer and coxswain salute
||Crew stand up by order. Officer salutes.
|All other officers and coxswains, with no officer in boat.
||Toss oars. Officer or coxswain salutes.
||Let fly sheet. Officer or coxswain salutes
||Stop engines. Officer or coxswain salutes.
||Crew stand up by order. Officer and coxswain salute.
||Crew stand up by order. Officer or coxswain salutes.
||Crew stand up by order. Officer or coxswain salutes.
||Officer salutes in all cases.
|Lieutenants and all junior officers and coxswains with no officer in the boat.
||Lay on oars. Officer or coxswain salutes. Toss oars if
pendant is flying.
||Let fly sheet. Officer or coxswain salutes.
||Ease engines. Officer or coxswain salutes. Stop engines if pendant is flying.
||Crew to attention. Officer and coxswain salute.
||Crew to attention. Officer and coxswain salute. Crew stand up by order if pendant is flying.
||Crew stand up by order. Officer or coxswain salutes.
||Officer salutes in all cases.
|All officers junior to Lieutenant and coxswains with no officer in boat.
||Lay on oars Officer or coxswain salutes.
||Let fly sheet. Officer or coxswain salutes.
||Ease engines Officer or coxswain salutes.
||Crew to attention. Officer and coxswain salute.
||Crew to attention. Officer and coxswain salute.
||Crew stand up by order. Officer or coxswain salutes.
||Officer or coxswain salutes in all cases.
|Coxswain with no officer in boat.
||All officers junior to Lieutenant.
||Coxswain salutes in all cases.
Crew to attention " means sitting square on thwart facing aft. The order " Boat's Crew " is to be used for this purpose.
When crew stand up they are to face in the direction of the officers they are saluting,
2. Laden boats, or those towing or in tow, are not included in above rules. The officer or coxswain will only salute.
3. Coxswains of boats, when an officer is in charge, do not salute except at landing-places, and then only when ordered to do so by the above rules.
4. Officers of branches other than the Military Branch are to receive the same salutes as officers of the Military Branch of corresponding rank, with the exception of tossing or laying on oars and letting fly sheet, which are to be considered in the same category as salutes by cannon and guards, from which they are debarred by Article 140, clause 2.
5. In the case of boats conveying officers of branches other than the Military Branch passing, or being passed by boats conveying officers of the Military Branch of the same relative rank, the officers in charge of the boats, or the coxswains, should there be no officers in charge, are to mutually salute.
6. Boat-keepers are to stand up and salute officers who pass their boats, unless the boat's awning is spread, when they will sit up smartly and salute.
7. When passing a funeral party afloat with the body, oars will be tossed by double-banked boats or corresponding marks of respect paid by either pulling or steamboats.
NOTE- In boats fitted with crutches, oars are never to be tossed, but the salute given by laying on oars.
SECTION XV. FUNERAL HONOURS.
150. Flag and General Officers, &c.- At the funerals of Flag and General Officers, and of Commodores and Brigadier-Generals, who have died on service, minute guns are to be fired whilst the body is proceeding to the place of interment, but these minute guns are not to exceed the number to which the officer's rank entitled him when living. There shall also be fired, after the body is deposited in the grave, or in the sea, a salute of cannon, amounting to the same number of guns as the deceased officer was entitled to when living; in the event of a Flag or General Officer dying afloat and being buried at a place on shore where there is a fort, minute guns are to be fired from the ship whilst the body is being conveyed to the shore; and after the body is landed minute guns are to be fired by the fort while the funeral procession is moving from the landing-place to the place of interment; the minute guns, both from the ship and the fort, shall not exceed twice the number of the guns the officer was entitled to when living.
151. Captains and Commanders.- At the funeral of a Captain or Commander of a ship, such number of minute guns as the senior officer present shall direct; not, however, exceeding 20, shall be fired by the ship he commanded, or to which he belonged, when the body is put into the sea, or when it is put off from the ship to be carried on shore. If the ship be alone, the officer succeeding to the command shall order this to be done.
152. Other Officers and Men.- At the funeral of any other officer, man, or boy, of any of His Majesty's ships, three volleys of musketry shall be fired over the grave or over the body when put into the sea.
2. The firing party is, when possible, to be composed of seamen in the case of naval officers and naval ratings, and of Royal Marines if the deceased be a marine officer or marine.
3. On all occasions of naval funerals the Senior Officer present is to regulate the strength and composition of the funeral and firing parties in accordance with the table laid down in the " Rifle and Field Exercises for His Majesty's Fleet." The number of officers and men forming the parties being, however, subject to the means at the disposal of the Senior Officer present.
153. Civil Officials.- Civil officials shall have at their funerals the same number of guns fired as minute guns, while the procession is going to the burial ground, as they were entitled to as salutes when living.
Those who are not entitled to salutes of cannon when living, are not to have guns fired at their funerals.
SECTION XVI. UNIFORM.
154. Uniforms generally.- In accordance with the provisions of Article 4, the uniforms directed to be worn are specified and described in the Book of Uniform Regulations, and are also published from time to time in the Navy List.
2. The prescribed patterns are to be strictly adhered to.
155. When to be worn.- Every officer, from the time of his joining the fleet, squadron, or ship to which he shall be appointed, to that of his being removed from it, shall wear the uniform established for his rank, except when he shall have leave from the Admiralty or the Senior Officer to be absent from his duty, or as hereinafter provided.
2. Public occasions.- At reviews, public balls or entertainments given by naval or military authorities, by civil functionaries, or by military messes at ports at which their ships may be lying, officers are to wear the uniform of their rank, as prescribed for the various occasions' specified in the Uniform Regulations under "Dresses, and occasions on which they are to be worn," and no deviations are to be authorised without special authority previously obtained from the Admiralty.
3. Officers are not to wear naval uniform at fancy dress balls. They are not prohibited, however, from appearing at such entertainments in uniforms of a date anterior to 1843.
4. Plain clothes.- Permission may be given to officers to wear plain clothes on ordinary leave.
5. Subordinate Officers.- Subordinate officers, when on ordinary leave, are to wear the uniform of their rank: but permission may be granted to them to wear plain clothes when going into the country, or to ride, shoot, play cricket, or for exercise.
6. Foreign Ports.- In foreign ports great discretion should be exercised in allowing officers to appear out of uniform, as in such cases they have no right to expect to be recognised as British officers.
7. Marines.- Officers of the Royal Marines are to wear their full dress on the occasions when ball dress and frock coat with epaulettes dress are worn.
156. Officers on Retired and Reserved lists.- Officers on the retired and reserved lists, whose names appear on the list of the Navy, are permitted to wear the uniform of their respective ranks on state and other occasions of ceremony.
SECTION XVII. SPECIAL DECORATIONS AND MEDALS.
157. Victoria Cross, &c. The rules and ordinances relative to the Victoria Cross, Royal Red Cross, Conspicuous Gallantry Medal, Distinguished Service Order, and Conspicuous Service Cross are given in the quarterly Navy List.
158. Albert Medal.- If any person in the Fleet should save or attempt to save life from shipwreck or otherwise, in such circumstances as to merit his being recommended for the Albert Medal of the 1st or of the 2nd Class, the full particulars are to be forwarded to the Admiralty for consideration;
2. The rules and ordinances relative to the Albert Medal are given in the quarterly Navy List.
159. Conspicuous Gallantry and Distinguished Conduct Medals.- The Conspicuous Gallantry Medal may be awarded to such Petty Officers, Seamen, Non-commissioned Officers, and Privates of the Royal Marines as may at any time distinguish themselves by acts of conspicuous gallantry in action with the enemy.
2. At the discretion of the Admiralty this medal may be accompanied by the grant of an annuity, not exceeding £20., to Chief and First Class Petty Officers of the Navy, and Sergeants of Royal Marines, and also to all recipients of this medal whatever their rank or rating may have been when the medal was awarded, on their promotion to Chief or First Class Petty Officers in the Navy or Sergeants of the Royal Marines, provided the amount authorised from time to time. for such annuities by the Treasury be not exceeded.
3. A seaman or marine who is awarded the Conspicuous Gallantry Medal or the Distinguished Conduct Medal of the Army may, at the discretion of the Admiralty, be awarded a gratuity of £20. on discharge at the completion of his term of active service, or on being invalided from the Service, or on promotion to a commission, except when such seaman or marine is in receipt of a medal accompanied by an annuity. Should he die while serving the gratuity will be credited to his estate.
4. The regulations as to the award of the Distinguished Conduct Medal which prohibit the payment of the gratuity to a soldier in receipt of extra pension are not applicable in the case of a seaman or marine, who, on account of gallantry, has been or may be granted an extra pension under naval regulations.
160. Qualifications.- As these rewards are intended for such men only as shall have rendered themselves pre-eminent by some individual act of conspicuous gallantry in action with the enemy, great care is to be taken that the cases recommended come strictly within the spirit of this Regulation, and that each case be accompanied by a full statement of the grounds on which the claim to the distinction is founded.
161. Humane Society's Medals.- Officers and men may wear the medals and clasps awarded to them by the Royal Humane Society, on the right breast, as directed in Article 167, clause 14.
SECTION XVIIL FOREIGN ORDERS AND MEDALS.
Under Regulations dated May 1911.
162. Foreign Orders and Decorations.- No subject of His Majesty shall accept a foreign Order from the Sovereign of any foreign country or wear the insignia thereof without having previously obtained His Majesty's permission to do so, signified either
- By warrant under the Royal sign-manual, or
- By private permission conveyed through His Majesty's private secretary.
2. Permission given by warrant under the Royal sign-manual will enable the insignia of the foreign Order to be worn at all times and without any restriction.
Private permission will only enable the insignia to be worn on the occasions specified in the terms of the letter from the King's private secretary conveying the Royal sanction.
3. The full and unrestricted permission by warrant under the Royal sign-manual is designed, subject to the exception mentioned in clause 4 (a) respecting British naval or military officers during hostilities: to meet cases where the Decoration may be said to have been earned by some valuable service rendered to the Head of the State conferring it, or to the State itself. The private or restricted permission is contemplated for Decorations which are more or less of a complimentary character. In either case, the matter will be submitted to the King by His Majesty's Principal Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs.
4. Full and unrestricted permission by warrant under the Royal sign-manual is contemplated in the following cases:
For a Decoration conferred
- On an officer in His Majesty's naval or military forces lent to a foreign Government; on an officer in His Majesty's naval or military forces attached by his Government to a foreign navy or army during hostilities; or on any British official lent to a foreign Government and not in receipt of any emoluments from British public funds during the period of such loan.
- On any person not at the time in the service of the Crown, who, while himself outside the limits of His Majesty's dominions, has rendered valuable services to the Head of the State conferring the Order, or to the State itself, within the period of two years immediately preceding the notification of the Decoration to His Majesty's Government provided for in clause 5. The term " service of the Crown " comprises any person holding a commission, or any person in receipt of a salary from public funds in the United Kingdom, or in any British dominion, colony, or protectorate.
- On any British subject employed in a foreign embassy or legation in the United Kingdom.
5. The desire of the Head of a foreign State to confer upon a British subject the insignia of an Order, or the fact that he has done so, must be notified to His Majesty's Principal Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs, either through the British diplomatic representative accredited to the Head of the foreign State, or through his diplomatic representative at the Court of St. James. His Majesty's Principal Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs shall be under no obligation to consider claims that are not brought to his notice through one of these channels.
163. Procedure after the King's Permission is given.- When His Majesty's Principal Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs shall have taken the Kings pleasure on any such application, and shall have obtained His Majesty's permission for the person in whose favour it has been made to accept the foreign Order and wear the insignia thereof, he shall signify the same to His Majesty's Principal Secretary of State for the Home Department, in order that he may cause a warrant, if it be a case for the issue of a warrant as defined in Article 182; clause 4, to be prepared for the Royal sign-manual.
2. When such warrant shall have been signed by the King a notification thereof shall be inserted in the Gazette, stating the service for which the foreign Order has been conferred.
Persons in whose favour such warrants. are issued will be required to pay to His Majesty's Principal Secretary of State for the Home Department a stamp duty of 10s.
3. Registration in College of Arms.- The warrant signifying His Majesty's permission may, at the request and at the expense of the person who has obtained it, be registered in the College of Arms.
4. No style or rank to be assumed.- Every such warrant as aforesaid shall contain a clause providing that His Majesty's licence and permission does not authorise the assumption of any style, appellation, rank, precedence or privilege appertaining to a Knight Bachelor of His Majesty's Realms.
5. Acceptance of Higher Class.- When a British subject has received the Royal permission to accept a foreign Order, he will at any future time be allowed to accept the decoration of a higher class of the same Order, to which he may become eligible by increase of rank in the foreign Service, or in the Service of his own country; or any other distinctive mark of honour strictly consequent upon the acceptance of the original Order, and common to every person upon whom such Order is conferred.
184. Naval and Military Attachés.- Naval and military attachés to His Majesty's missions abroad may, at the termination of their appointments, be given restricted private permission to wear on certain specific occasions, the insignia of a foreign Order conferred upon them by the Chief of the State only in which their headquarters were situated.
185. Foreign Medals.- Medals which constitute a particular class of a foreign Order are subject in all respects to the above Regulations in the same manner as higher grades of the Order, except that permission to wear will be given by letter and not by Royal warrant. The King's permission must be obtained for any other medal to be worn.
188. Foreign Medals not worn.- No permission is necessary for accepting a foreign medal, if such medal is not to be worn.
SECTION XIX. MANNER OF WEARING DECORATIONS, ORDERS, AND MEDALS.
187. Knights Grand Cross.- The insignia of Knights Grand Cross of Orders, consisting of the badge suspended from a broad ribbon over the shoulder, and the star, are to be worn with full dress and ball dress; with the former the ribbon should be worn under the epaulette and sword belt; with the latter, under the coat and over the waistcoat. With full dress on collar days, the collar takes the place of the ribbon.
2. With frock coat and epaulettes the star of the Order only is to be worn. With frock coat the star may be worn at discretion.
3. With uniform coats other than full dress and ball dress, the ribbon of a Companion of the Order is to be worn, except that with mess dress, miniature badges but not stars may be worn in lieu, and with mess undress, miniature ribbons.
4. Knights Commanders.- The insignia of Knights Commanders of Orders, consisting of the badge suspended from a ribbon round the neck, and the star, are to be worn with full dress, ball dress and frock coat with epaulettes. The ribbon should be worn inside the collar of the coat and under the necktie.
The above rule applies to such classes of British and foreign Decorations .as are ordered to be worn round the neck.
5. With the frock coat the star only may be worn at discretion.
6. With uniform coats, other than full dress and ball dress, the rules laid down in clause 3 are to be observed.
7. Companions of Orders.- The badges of Companions of Orders are to be worn together with medals, with full dress and ball dress, but in the circumstances stated in clause 12 miniature badges and medals may be worn with the latter dress.
8. With all other uniform coats the rules laid down in clause 3 are to be observed.
9. Bar for Decorations, &c.- The several Decorations, badges, and medals are to be worn on the left breast in one horizontal line, one inch below the point of the shoulder, suspended from a single bar of which no part is to be seen, and commencing with the end furthest from the shoulder.
10. Order in which to be worn.- Decorations, Orders, and medals, and the ribbons appertaining thereto, are to be worn in the following order :
British Decorations, Orders, and Medals.
Order of the Garter.*
Order of the Thistle.*
Order of St. Patrick.*
Order of the Bath.
Order of Merit (immediately after Knights Grand Cross of the Bath). †
Order of the Star of India.
Order of St. Michael and St. George.
Order of the Indian Empire.
Royal Victorian Order (1st, 2nd, 3rd, and 4th Class).
Distinguished Service Order.
Imperial Service Order.
Royal Victorian Order (5th Class).
Order of British India.
Indian Order of Merit (Military). ‡
Order of St. John of Jerusalem in England.
Queen Victoria's Jubilee Medal, 1887. (Gold, Silver, and Bronze.)
Queen Victoria's Police Jubilee Medal, 1887.
Queen Victoria's Jubilee Medal, 1897. (Gold, Silver, and Bronze.
Queen Victoria's Police Jubilee Medal, 1897.
Queen Victoria's Commemoration Medal, 1900. (Ireland.)
King Edward's Coronation Medal.
King Edward's Police Coronation Medal.
King Edward's Durbar Medal. (Gold, Silver, and Bronze.)
King's Medal; 1903. (Ireland.)
King George's Coronation Medal.
King George's Police Coronation Medal.
King's Visit Commemoration Medal, 1911. (Ireland.)
King George's Durbar Medal. (Gold, Silver, and Bronze.)
Medal for Distinguished Conduct in the Field (Military).
Conspicuous Gallantry Medal (Naval).
Conspicuous Service Cross (Naval).
War Medals (in order of date).
Arctic Medal, 1815-1855.
Arctic Medal, 1876.
Antarctic Medal, 1901-1903.
Constabulary Medal. (Ireland.)
In undress uniform, no badge of an Order will be worn round the neck except the Order of Merit.
* These Orders are not worn in miniature.
† Order of Merit comes immediately after G.C.B. ; it is not worn in miniature, but is to be worn round the neck on all occasions.
‡ The Indian Order of Merit (Military and Civil) is distinct from the Order of Merit instituted in 1902.
Albert Medal. *
Board of Trade Medal for Saving Life at Sea.*
Indian Order of Merit (Civil). †
Indian Distinguished Service Medal.
King's Police Medal.
Long Service and Good Conduct Medal.
Naval Long Service and Good Conduct Medal.
Medal for Meritorious Service.
Indian Long Service and Good Conduct Medal (for Europeans of Indian Army).
Indian Meritorious Service Medal (for Europeans of Indian Army).
Royal Marine Meritorious Service Medal.
Indian Long Service and Good Conduct Medal (for Native Army).
Indian Meritorious Service Medal (for Native Army).
Volunteer Officers' Decoration.
Volunteer Long Service Medal.
Volunteer Officers' Decoration for India and the Colonies.
Volunteer Long Service Medal for India and the Colonies.
Colonial Auxiliary Forces Officers' Decoration.
Colonial Auxiliary Forces Long Service Medal.
Medal for Good Shooting (Naval).
Militia Long Service Medal.
Imperial Yeomanry Long Service Medal.
Territorial Efficiency Medal.
64. Special Reserve Long Service and Good Conduct Medal.
65. Decoration for Officers of the Royal Naval, Reserve.
66. Decoration for Officers of the Royal Naval Volunteer Reserve.
67. Royal Naval Reserve Long Service and Good Conduct Medal.
68. Royal Naval Volunteer Reserve Long Service Medal.
69. Union of South Africa Commemoration Medal.
70. Royal Victorian Medal. (Gold and Silver.)
71. Imperial Service Medal.
72. Medal of the Order of St. John of Jerusalem in England.*
73. Badge of the Order of the League of Mercy.
74. Royal Victorian Medal. (Bronze.)
The above order of Decorations applies to those of similar grades.
When the miniature of a higher grade of a junior Order is worn with the miniature of a lower grade of a senior Order, the higher grade miniature should ,come first, e.g., the miniature of a K.C.I.E. will come before a C.B., and a G.C.M.G. before a K.C.B.
- Foreign Orders.-In order of date.
- Foreign Decorations.-In order of date.
- Foreign Medals.-In order of date.
11. Bar, Full dress.- On the full dress coat the bar must not project beyond the centre seam, and when the Decorations, Orders, and medals cannot on account of their number be suspended from the bar so as to be fully seen, they are to overlap, the highest showing in full.
' If more than one of these medals is awarded for the same act of gallantry, only one medal may be worn, viz., that which appears highest in the list.
† The Indian Order of Merit (Military and Civil) is distinct from the Order of Merit instituted in 1902.
12. Bar, Ball dress.- With ball dress the bar is to go over the lapel, if necessary, but not beyond, and if from the number of Decorations, Orders and medals, it should be too long to be worn conveniently, miniatures may be worn in lieu.
13. Buckles of Companions.- The buckles of the Companions of the Orders of the Bath and of St. Michael and St. George are, as part of the badge of the Order, to show half-way between the upper and lower edge of the ribbon.
14. Medals awarded by Societies.- Medals awarded by the Royal National Lifeboat Institution, the Royal Humane Society, or other similar societies for bravery in saving human life, if specially authorised to be worn, are to be worn on the right breast, similarly to those on the left, and on the same horizontal line.
If the Stanhope Gold Medal is awarded to an officer or man by the Royal Humane Society, it is to be worn in place of, and not in addition to, the Silver Medal previously granted.
15. Bar, description of.- In all cases the bar for the suspension of Decorations, Orders, and medals is to be provided at the expense of the wearer. It may be of any metal or material, and of any pattern consistent with the above instructions, provided that the bar and the buckle are wholly concealed by the ribbons.
16. Length of Ribbons.-The ribbons of Decorations, Orders, and medals are to be of the following lengths :
||When the Decorations, &c., are worn:-
||When the ribbons alone are worn :--
These lengths are not to be exceeded, unless, in the case of medals, the number of clasps should necessitate it.
17. Ribbons sewn on the coat.- When ribbons, either full-sized or miniature, are required to be sewn on the uniforms the same order of arrangement is to be followed as that laid down in clause 10 for the Decorations, Orders and medals. Knights Grand Cross and Knights Commanders will, however, add the ribbon of a Companion of the Order or Orders to which they belong, under clauses 3 and 6. The ribbons are to be sewn plain on the cloth of the uniform, without intervals, and when the space between the shoulder to the edge of the lapel is insufficient to accommodate them in one row they are not to be made to overlap as on the bar, but are to be arranged in two or more rows placed immediately under each other, with an interval of half an inch intervening between each row.
Ribbons of Orders. and medals, to wear which private permission has been given are not to be sewn on the coat.
18. Decorations, &c., with white uniform.- With white undress, Decorations and medals or ribbons of Decorations and medals are to be worn as prescribed for the dress in lieu of which white undress is being worn. The broad ribbon of Knights Grand Cross should be worn under the shoulder strap.
When worn with white uniform the ribbons of Decorations and medals are to be placed on a removable bar.
19. Miniatures.- Miniature Decorations, badges of Orders, and medals are to be arranged on a bar in the same manner and order as the full-sized. Knights Grand Cross and Knights Commanders will wear thereon, senior to all other Decorations, &c., except the Victoria Cross, the miniature Badge of the Order or Orders to which they belong, omitting the buckle in the case of the Orders of the Bath and of St. Michael and St. George.
The precedence of the various Orders of Knighthood concerned is as shown in clause 10 for the Companions of those Orders.
20. If necessary, the bar should extend over the lapel of the coat.
21. Decorations, &c., with plain dress.-Stars of the Orders, and miniature Decorations, badges of Orders, and medals, are authorised to be worn in evening dress (plain clothes) in the presence of members of the Royal Family or Viceroys, and of Governors-General, and on public and official occasions.
22. Only one set of miniatures need be maintained. The miniatures of companionship or membership will not be removed when the riband or badge of a higher grade is worn by Knights Grand Cross, Knights Commander, &c.
23. Retired Officers.- Retired officers are authorised to wear stars and badges of Orders, and miniature Decorations and medals in evening dress on all public and official occasions.
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